Adapting to Drought from Sustainability Dimensions in Nomads via Factor Explaining




This purpose of this research is to explain adaptation with drought from sustainability
dimensions in nomadic societies. A questionnaire was developed from a review of literature,
observations and open and semi-structural interviews with public and informant Nomads,
local leaders and with experts from the local and provincial institutions. Prior to the
application of factor analysis, two internal reliability and validity were undertaken. In this
regard, a pilot study was conducted with 21 Nomadic families in four townships (Iranshahr-
Zabol-Jiroft-Anbarabad) that were not included in the sample population to determine the
reliability of the questionnaire for the study through which 82/96 percent was obtained for
different parts of research instrument which indicated that the questionnaire was highly
reliable. Face and content validity of the instrument were established, refined and finally
confirmed using an expert panel, which consisted of research committee, a number of
university professors and some senior experts in the Nomadic organization of Iran. The
research population consisted of total population of Nomads in the southern of Kerman
Province of Iran included between 8314 to 10995 families according to winter and summer
quarters population, of whom 374 families were selected stratified sampling with
proportional assignment (n=374). Factors respectively based on the nature of their
constituent questions, were named as educational, economic, service, political and
institutional factors.